Raspberry Pi usb power bank ups pass through

I use my Pi B in my car to do timelapse photos powered off a cigarette to usb plug however I found that sometimes the plug would fall out and thus power down the pi. I also had the problem that even if I wanted to stop for 5 minutes which meant turning the engine off again the pi would be powered down. TO overcome this I thought I would look into using a usb power bank as a mini ups and here are the results of my testing.

I tested for both pass-through charging i.e. a power bank which allows to be charged while powering a device AND ‘UPS’ which is a usb bank which supports pass-through charging with the added feature of power to the connected device (pi) being uninteruppted when the mains charger was switched off/on.

1, AUKEY Mini 5000mAh
aukeymini5000
I puchased the Aukey on the back of the pcadvisor reviews
http://www.pcadvisor.co.uk/review/batteries/aukey-5000mah-external-battery-charger-review-3629046/
http://www.pcadvisor.co.uk/test-centre/mobile-phone/20-best-power-banks-2016-uk-summary-5-minutes-3534490/

I liked the fact that it was fully automatic i/e no buttons to press to begin charging and that it allowed for 2A in put and output meaning even if my pi drawed 1A when using the power bank in conjunction with a 2A plug/power supply it would mean it would always charge faster than the pi could run it down.

Alas after putting it into my test setup I found that it DOES NOT support pass-through charging.

2, Xiaomi Portable 10000mAh Mi
xiaomiportable10000
Like the Aukey the Xiaomi boasts a 2A input current and is double the capacity of the Aukey but has a physical button which needs pressing to begin charging a connected device. I’m please to report that this model DOES support pass-through charging however failed my ‘ups’ test in the fact that when mains power was switched off it briefly did so as well for a few seconds before coming back on, the same was seen when mains power was restored.

3, Eachine Y5 6000mAh
EachineY56000

Although purchsed for a different project I thought I would feedback on this power bank. I bought it due to it’s relatively high capacity and small form factor as well as having a LCD power display. Unfortunately I found it did not support pass-through or ups.

4, Anker® Astro Mini 3200mAh
ankerastromini3200
This was one of the first power banks I purchased and was happy to find it DOES support pass-through charging contrary to the pcadvisor review.

ankerastomini3200-1

However it was noted that although it managed to power on the pi it did not completely boot due the power bank only giving out 4.6-4.8v thus made it unsuitable for my specific application.

When I checked my original amazon purchase link it now goes to the Anker PowerCore+ mini (3350mAh Premium Aluminum Portable Charger) which is a newer version and I don’t know whether it supports pass-through. A quick google showed Maplin are still advertising the 3200mah version but this might be a typo or failure to update the spec.

 

5, Anker Astro 5600mah (1st Gen)

ankerastro5600

I purchased this some years ago but thought I would test it anyway and found it DOESN’T support pass-through.

 

6, RS RS Pro 5000mAh Lithium Polymer PB-A5200 

rs5200

 

Last up and my final attempt I came across the RS 5000mah power bank with it’s single micro usb input and dual usb outputs with a single button on top and a row of 3 led’s displaying remaining capacity. Despite it’s obvious bigger footprint I liked the fact that the ports were well spaced out meaning no hunting for slim usb connectors or holding of breath while trying to cram 2 next to each other. I’m please to say that this device passed BOTH the pass-through AND ups test and at only £11.44 posted is the best bang for your buck from the ones i’ve reviews. It’s worth noting that the input voltage is 500 mA @ +5.V with the output being 2.1A @ +5 this means that it’s possible to discharge the device faster than you are able to charge it which shouldn’t be an issue for standalone pi’s or zero’s but when you start loading them up you will hit this problem.

 

Test Results Matrix
Device Pass-Through UPS
AUKEY Mini 5000mAh
Xiaomi Portable 10000mAh Mi X
Eachine Y5 6000mAh
Anker Astro Mini 3200mAh X X
Anker Astro 5600mAh
RS Pro 5000mAh X X

6 Responses to Raspberry Pi usb power bank ups pass through

  • Foysal Sarower

    Replied on: June 6, 2016, 04:00

    This article is really helpful to me. I needed this type of information for my ecommerce site. Thank author.

  • David Bayliss

    Replied on: July 3, 2016, 17:58

    Hi – check out the RavPower batteries – I’ve just bought a RAVPower 1670mAh one – I learned by surprise they seem to support Pass-through … got an original oem compute stick + webcam + 868MHz radio running nicely on one. No re-boot / stability problems. Though output can drop to about 4.85V under load.

    First day – so not sure how the pass-through is implemented or if there is any dangerous trickle charge … but battery input current does seem to track output as one might expect allowing for efficiency. (Not done rigorous / planned tests as yet).

  • brian

    Replied on: July 3, 2016, 19:10

    His David thanks for the info, as well as pass-through does it also support the ‘ups’ function I. e connected devices don’t power off when mains power is switched off/on?

  • UPS для raspberry pi — www.sysit.ru

    Replied on: August 3, 2016, 20:36

    […] На эту тему энтузиасты проводят тесты. […]

  • Rovanod

    Replied on: May 21, 2017, 04:17

    I tried the RAVPower 1670mAh, and it has pass through but it would randomly shut off and I had to press the power button to get it to power my device again.

    • Rovanod

      Replied on: May 21, 2017, 05:19

      Oh, addendum: I’m running a <200mA IP camera, not a PI, so more power hungry applications might keep the power bank thinking it's charging something.

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